Portugal: On board a CP Regional train from Abrantes to Badajoz hauled by a Class 1400 diesel loco
Portugal: A clip recorded on board the 1000 Abrantes to Badajoz (in Spain) CP Regional train hauled by a Class 1400 diesel loco (number 1417) shortly after leaving Ponte de Sor station. Recorded 9 March 2004.
The Série 1400 are a series of 67 diesel-electric locomotives built for the Portuguese Railways (CP) between 1967 and 1969. They have a top speed of 105 km/h.
They were ordered primarily to replace steam locomotives then still in use on CP. Designed and engineered by English Electric, they are closely modelled mechanically on the British Rail Class 20 locomotives but using a more powerful intercooled 1330 bhp 8CSVT version of the Class 20's 8SVT engine. The locomotives were designed for the 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 21⁄32 in) Iberian gauge and larger loading gauge than possible in Great Britain. The first ten were built in England at the Vulcan Foundry in Newton-le-Willows, but the remaining locomotives were assembled in Portugal by Sorefame. The locomotives share many components with the larger and more powerful Série 1800.
During the early years of 21st century some have been sold for further service in Argentina, but as of 2012 many remain in service with CP.
CP - Comboios de Portugal is a state-owned company which operates passenger trains in Portugal. Before June 2009, CP stood for Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses (English: Portuguese Railways) although the company has been using its current designation as a brand name since 2004. In 2019, CP transported 145 million passengers, 19 million more than in 2018.
On 28 October 1856, the first railway line was inaugurated in Portugal, between Lisbon and Carregado: the Companhia dos Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses was born. The network was gradually expanded both south of the Tagus and to the north of the country, as well as in the metropolitan areas of Lisbon and Porto and to Spain. During the second half of the 20th century, much of CP's rolling stock was built in Portugal by Sorefame - notably carriages with stainless steel bodywork.
Gradually, electrification was put in place for a little less than half the network. In 1975, the company was nationalised, and its name was shortened to CP, A plan to finally connect all the district capitals by a fully electrified double line was to be implemented from 2010. Part of this plan is based on the Swiss Rail 2000 model.
CP's flagship service, introduced in 1999, is the Alfa Pendular which operates between Braga - Porto - Lisbon - Faro, at a top speed of 220 km/h (138 mph) with FIAT/Siemens tilting trains. As of 2006, CP's network reaches most of the country.
CP inaugurated new trains in suburban service in the 1990s.
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