Italy/Sardinia: Class D445 diesel locomotives at San Gavino on passenger services to Cagliari

26 Sep 2021

Italy/Sardinia: At San Gavino on the island of Sardina two class D445 diesel locomotives are seen working passenger trains to Cagliari. D445 1076 is seen departing on train R26865, the 0630 from Oristano to Cagliari and D445 1053 is seen in another platform awaiting departure on train R22901, the 0710 from San Gavino to Cagliari. Clip recorded 1st October 2019.
The Class D.445 is a class of diesel locomotives used by the Italian Ferrovie dello Stato (FS) railway company and by Trenord. 150 units were built between 1974 and 1988, divided into three series.

The D.445 represented an evolution of the FS Class D.443 locomotive, maintaining the predecessor's reliability and operational capabilities. At the beginning of the 1970s FS, during a plan aimed at the expansion and modernization of current service. The first series of locomotives, introduced from 1974, were built with curved front windscreens which would be later replaced by cheaper and sturdier flat ones.

In 1979 a second series was ordered, fitted with the Italian standard 78 wire control equipment for use with driving carriages. At the end of the 1980s the whole group consisted of 150 units which allowed the retirement of the then old D.341 and D.342 locomotives.

1st series units originally had curved windscreens, replaced in the 1980s by flat glas, later used on 2nd and 3rd series units. Their maximum allowed speed is 130 km/h (81 mph). Like most FS stock, some D.445 have received the XMPR color scheme (white, green, blue).

1st series - The first series consists of 35 units (Numbered from 1001 to 1035), in green-over-Isabella brown livery.
2nd series - The second series has 20 units (Numbered from 1036 to 1055), in the Navetta orange/purple livery used by push-pull trains.
3rd series - The third series has 95 units (Numbered from 1056 to 1150), in the same push-pull livery as the 2nd series.
Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane S.p.A. (previously Ferrovie dello Stato), (English: Italian State Railways) is a state-owned holding company that manages infrastructure and services on the Italian rail network.
One of the subsidiaries of the company, Trenitalia, is the main rail operator in Italy.
Trenitalia is the most important subsidiary of the company, as it manages all the trains of the company group. Trenitalia is the primary train operator in Italy. It was established in 2000 following a European Union directive on the deregulation of rail transport.
Trenitalia is the primary train operator in Italy. A subsidiary of Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane, itself owned by the Italian government, it was established in 2000 following a European Union directive on the deregulation of rail transport.

Trenitalia offers national rail transport in Italy and international connections to Austria, France, Germany, and Switzerland. The company operates both regional and long-distance trains.

Regional trains travel within an Italian region or between neighboring Italian regions, and are subsidized by local government at the regional level by "Contratto di servizio". Regional trains stop at more stations than other long-distance trains, and some stop at all stations. Regionale veloce (fast regional train) are trains stopping at about half of stations.

Long-distance trains are of mainly of two types: the Frecce (arrows) and Intercity trains.
Intercity trains also serve medium-sized cities besides the big cities, thus are generally slower but are cheaper than the Frecce.
Night trains (Intercity night) operate mainly between north and south of Italy and between Italy and its neighbouring countries and are comparable to Intercity level.
Cagliari is an Italian municipality and the capital of the island of Sardinia, an autonomous region of Italy. Cagliari's Sardinian name Casteddu literally means castle. It has about 155,000 inhabitants, while its metropolitan city (including Cagliari and 16 other nearby municipalities) has more than 431,000 inhabitants. According to Eurostat, the population of the Functional urban area, the commuting zone of Cagliari, rises to 476,975. Cagliari is the 26th largest city in Italy and the largest city on the island of Sardinia.
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